Abraham Adler, un mare muzician evreu născut în Sarasău

🇷🇴 Unul dintre marii muzicieni ai lumii, primul care a promovat muzica liturgică evreiască în sălile de concert ale lumii, a fost cantorul şi muzicologul maramureşean Abraham Adler.
S-a născut la 1 iunie 1916, în Sarasău, într-o familie de evrei: tatăl, Samuel Adler, a fost medicul veterinar al localităţilor Iapa, Sarasău şi Câmpulung la Tisa, mama fiind verişoară cu Elie Wiesel.
După şcoala elementară urmată în satul natal, în anul 1928 se mută cu familia la Sighet, unde urmează gimnaziul şi liceul evreiesc. În paralel studiază canto cu profesorul Mendel Hoerer, cantorul prim al Marii Sinagogi Ortodoxe. Talent muzical de excepţie, la vârsta de 20 ani pleacă la Cernăuţi pentru a studia cu o somitate a vremii, muzicianul Pinchas Spektor.
În 1940 se întoarce la Sighet şi ocupă funcţia de cantor al Marii Sinagogi.
Alături de alţi tineri evrei, la 10 iunie 1942 este dus la batalionul de muncă forţată, apoi în lagărul de prizonieri de lângă Stalingrad: urmează Siberia şi lagărul de prizioneri din Azerbaidjan, de unde este eliberat grav bolnav în anul 1948. Întors la Sighet, află că întreaga familie a murit la Auschwitz, iar locuinţa i-a fost ocupată
În anul 1950 emigrează în Israel. Aici este angajat tot cantor la sinagogile din Haifa şi redactor al secţiei de muzică al postului de radio. În anul 1955 se căsătoreşte cu Hilda Miller şi acceptă oferta unor sinagogi de renume din Australia. În 1974 se întoarce în Europa, la Viena, unde va locui până la moartea sa survenită la 28 noiembrie 2003.
Pionier în domeniul muzicii liturgice evreieşti, Abraham Adler a contribuit enorm la renaşterea liedurilor – mai ales cele hasidic-ortodoxe din Maramureş, Galiţia şi Bucovina – fiind primul muzician care a promovat acest tip de muzică în sălile de concert şi la posturile de radio. Lui i se datorează prelucrarea folclorului hasidic maramureşean şi lansarea acestuia în repertoriul mondial.

🇭🇺 A világ egyik legnagyobb muzsikusa, és az első aki népszerűsítette a zsidó liturgikus zenét a világ legnagyobb zenetermeiben, Abraham Adler, máramarosi születésű kántor és zenetudós volt. 1916.június 1-jén született Szaraszón, zsidó családban. Apja, Samuel Adler állatorvos volt Jápa, Szaraszó és Hosszúmező falvakban. Édesanyja Elie Wiesel unokatestvére volt.
Az általános iskola elvégzése után 1928-ban családjával Szigetre költözik, ahol a Zsidó Líceumban fejezi be tanulmányait. Ugyanakkor énektanulmányokat folytat Mendel Hoerernél, a Nagy Ortodox Zsinagóga kántorjával. Kivételes zenei tehetségét felmutatva 20 évesen távozik, hogy Csernovicon tanuljon, a kor egyik legnagyobb zenészével, Pinchas Spektorral.
1940-ben visszatér Szigetre és felveszik a Nagy Zsinagóga kántorjának. 1942. június 10-én Adlert más zsidó fiatalokkal együtt az orosz frontra hurcolják kényszermunkára. A háború után visszamegy Szigetre, itt megtudja, hogy az egész családját megölték Auschwitzban és a házban ahol laktak már mások élnek.
1950-ben kivándorol Izraelbe. Érkezése után a haifai zsinagóga kántorjaként és a helyi rádió zenei rovatának szerkesztőjeként alkalmazzák. 1955-ben feleségül veszi Hilda Millert és elfogad egy állásajánlatot néhány tekintélyes ausztrál zsinagógától.
1974-ben visszaköltözik Európába, ezúttal Bécsbe, arra a helyre, amelyet otthonának hívott, egészen 2003. november 28-án bekövetkezett haláláig.
A zsidó liturgikus zene úttörője, Abraham Alder óriási mértékben hozzájárult a liederek újjászületéséhez, különösen a máramarosi, galíciai és bukovinai haszid liederek – különösen annak köszönhetően, hogy ő volt az első, aki ezt a fajta zenét népszerűsítette a koncerttermekben és a rádióban. A máramarosi haszid folklór feldolgozása és a világrepertoárba kerülése csakis az ő munkásságának köszönhető.

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 One of the world’s greatest musicians, and the first one to promote Jewish liturgical music around the world’s greatest music halls, was Abraham Adler, cantor and musicologist born in Maramures.
He was born on the 1st of June 1916 in Sarasău in a Jewish family. His father, Samuel Adler, was a veterinarian in the villages of Iapa, Sarasău, and Câmpulung la Tisa. His mother was Elie Wiesel’s cousin.
After finishing elementary school in his native village, in 1928 he moves with his family to Sighet, where he finishes his studies at the Jewish lyceum. At the same time, he is studying canto with Mendel Hoerer, the clerk of the Great Orthodox Synagogue. Showcasing an exceptional talent in music, he is leaving, aged 20, to study in Cernăuți, alongside one of the greatest musicians of the time, Pinchas Spektor.
In 1940, he returns to Sighet and gets hired as the clerk of the Great Synagogue. On the 10th of June 1942, Adler, alongside other Jewish youth, is sent to the battalion of forced work on the East front. After the war he goes back to Sighet, where he finds out that his entire family was killed in Auschwitz, and his house was occupied.
In 1950, he emigrates to Israel. After arriving there, he is being hired as clerk for the Synagogues of Haifa, and editor of the music section of the local radio station. In 1955, he marries Hilda Miller, and accepts a job offer from a few prestigious Synagogues in Australia.
In 1974, he moves back to Europe, this time in Vienna, the place he would call home, up until his death on the 28th of November 2003.
A pioneer in the field of Jewish liturgical music, Abraham Alder has contributed tremendously to the renaissance of lieders, especially the Hasidic-Orthodox ones from Maramures, Galitia, and Bucovina – especially due to the fact that he was the first to promote this type of music in concert halls and on the radio.
The processing of Hasidic folklore from Maramures and its launch in the world repertoire have been all due to his contribution.

ℹ️ Ioan J. Popescu

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